Fairness of a tax system can be judged by comparing the percentage of income different households pay in taxes. In a state with a fair tax system, households with higher incomes, who can afford to pay a larger percentage of their income in taxes, pay more.
In Texas, the households with the lowest incomes pay the highest percentage of their income in taxes; the households with the highest incomes pay the lowest percentage of their income in taxes. In other words, those who can least afford it pay the most. A system that takes a higher percentage of the income of a
lower-income family is called "regressive."
Texas has the fifth most regressive state and local tax system of the 50 states.
Households with the Lowest Income Pay the Highest Percentage in State and Local Taxes
[This report provided by the Center for Public Policy Priorities. To read the entire, much more extensive report click here.]