Jonathan Kozol writes about education, children, poverty and communities. In his powerful book, The Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America, he quotes from a report by Professor Gary Orfield of Harvard University's Civil Rights Project, regarding the impact of the re-segregation of America's public schools.
Food for thought.
"Desegregation did not fail. In spite of a very brief period of serious enforcement. . ., the desegregation era was a period in which minority high school graduates increased sharply and the racial test score gaps narrowed substantially until they began to widen again in the 1990s. . . In the two largest educational innovations of the past two decades--standards-based reform and school choice--the issue of racial segregation and its consequences has been ignored."
. . . .Racial isolation and the concentrated poverty of children in a public school go hand in hand. . . . Only 15 percent of the intensely segregated white schools in the nation have student populations in which more than half are poor enough to be receiving free meals or reduced price meals. "By contrast, a staggering 86 percent of intensely segregated black and Latino schools" have student enrollments in which more than half are poor by the same standards. A segregated inner-city school is "almost six times as likely" to be a school of concentrated poverty as is a school that has an overwhelmingly white population.